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tv   ABC World News With Diane Sawyer  ABC  October 13, 2010 4:30pm-5:00pm PST

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finally, loo finally, looking up at the sky. the first miner out, a young dad, working there to make sure his little boy could go to college. the second miner, bringing souvenirs, rocks from a half mile down. and then, running before the crowd in elation. the eighth miner, a 34-year-old who had asked his girlfriend to marry him so many times, finally hearing her say "yes." and the 18th miner, falling to his knees. watched by his country and the world, believing in hope again. tonight, a special edition of "world news," the miracle at the mine.
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good evening. we are watching as the 32ened miner has just arrived on the surface of the earth. he is ariel ticona. he had a baby born while he was there. the original name name carolina. they changed her name to hope. there he is. coming under the surface of the earth after two and a half months below. that means only one miner remains below, that foreman, the general, the boss who is about to come up as well, and of course the rescue workers soon to be on the top of this planet. watching this celebration one by
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one all around the globe, reminding the world of fresh air, sunlight and family. bill weir at the mine tonight. tell us what you've just seen. >> this is unbelievable, diane. this mine has been here over a century. it's produced a lot of copper, a little gold. today it produced men, living, breathing men, amazing efficiency as you just said. the 32nd rescue in 22 hours. well ahead of schedule. as for the men who are in the hospital today, even more astounding. one has pneumonia, two need dental surgery, some have eye problems. but they are in remarkable shape considering they spent two months in a 600 foot tomb half a mile below the earth. so many have been able to come out and express a new found freedom of fresh air and in such unique and endearing ways. >> among all of today's exits,
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the gestures of mr. rojas fell to his knees. it was an explosion of emotion, one tunnel light into the light. the shaft is a half mile long, the equivalent of a ride of two empire state buildings. the chilean navy designed it e fenix. the first man up, his crying son has become a favorite image of chileans chatting on message boards. the last rescue is yet to come. >> that could happen within the next half hour.
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for those of you keeping score at home, 16 miners got hugs from the chilean president. four fell to their knees. he expecting somebody to kiss the ground. you realize they don't miss the ground, they miss the sub. today, they got the real thing finally. >> many of them looking up. as we know, they bring with them to the surface so many lessons for all of us about what it is to stifle fear, panic, hunger and hold on together. john quinones went to chile to bring some of those lessons back. >> mario sepulveda, handed out rocks as souvenirs. then he said something shocking. some day i will go back down there and work in those mines. back down to where a bands of brothers taught us how to survive together.
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what about 19-year-old jimmy sanchez. his father said he was having nightmares, he was panicked thinking he was going to die of hunger. when he made it up today, jimmy's father was waiting, a giant smile of relief. then there's jose, the 46-year-old diabetic. when he came out today, he staggered from the capsule, weary but relieved. late today, i found out for all those days down below, jose was helped tremendously by this man, jose enriquez who became the spiritual leader. i spoke to his brother, waiting for jose. it was my brother, he says, who single-handedly kept the spirits of those men strong. in a way, he kept them alive. as i spoke to gaston, we could
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hear the roar of cheers as another miner made it to the top. then minutes later, jose, the spiritual leader himself made it to the top. his strong faith, says his brother, never let anyone doubt that this was going to happen. but among those still below tonight, the man they call done luis. mario the tour guide said luis is the general. he keeps the order. don luis who kept them alive by portioning out that milk, the crackers and tuna, just two teaspoons every 48 hours. when those days down below turned into weeks and months it was don luis who assigned the men jobs. some would clean. it kept them sane. don luis, the captain will be the last of the miners standing in the cave looking up before he rises towards all those men he
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helped save. >> john, you were saying the 33 miners said there was another miner down there. >> they said in spanish. [speaking foreign language] which meant there's one more, the higher power that's helped us survive. >> god was there with them, they believe. thank you, john quinones. we want to ask more about the effect of 90 degree heat, 90% humidity and all that darkness. dr. richard besser is with us. first of all, something simple. the sunglasses they were given. when can they take them off? >> they had these sunglasses. they'll probably be able to take them off in the next couple of days. when you're living in an environment that's totally dark, your eyes lose the ability to handle light. it can damage the back of your eye and lead to permanent eye damage. it's mainly precautionary, but they'll be following them in the hospital in darkened rooms and slowly bringing them in light. >> we heard about one case of pneumonia.
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you think of all that humidity as a breeding ground for fungus and rashes. >> it is. fungal infections, whether you're talking ring worm or jock itch, to try to reduce that, miners all over the world have these problems. they gave them special clothing. they have socks with copper oxide. that can reduce the effects of fungal infections. they gave them clothes to wick away the moisture. they'll still have some of these infections but hopefully less. >> john was just telling us, every other day they got a morsel of food. this is a master class of how to bring people back from starvation. >> this is what they were eating before. if you let someone eat at will, it can kill them. that's been seen in refeeding all the time. you have to slowly bring them back or it will put them into heart failure orchidny failure. they brought them back based on
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all of the science we learn from space flight. it was an absolutely incredible feat of medical science. >> thank you so much. we'll be following everything as it continues to happen tonight. so many of us have been asking all day long how did chile do it? how did they orchestrate such a delicate operation with such precision, cooperation and success? and how do we compare it to what happened hearsay in the gulf spill or the mine disaster here at home. jeffrey kofman has been our lead reporter on this story for almost ten weeks and he gives us his analysis tonight. >> it was an accident in a troubled mine that didn't have the safety equipment it should have. a missing escape ladder would have given the men a way out. there was nothing accidental about today's outcome. within hours of the mine collapse, chile's government took over the search, the world's biggest copper producer used every use it had to find the 33 working men. it took 17 days and against
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impossible odds, they found them. a day after the men were found, we talked to chile's minister of mines, he already had a plan. >> we are plan a whole support system for food, for psychological help, et cetera, so we are going to keep them alive and in good shape. >> reporter: and they did, with no play book, no precedent. chilean engineers invented a system to sustain the men through a six inch hole. they deviced tubes, shoving everything they needed in miniature. they had to device a plan to get the men out. there was a capsule used in the quecreek mine in pennsylvania. this was ten times deeper. the health ministry of protocol to care for the men before or after the rescue. they did not hesitate to call on
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international expertise. a canadian drill operator, nasa from the united states, help from argentina, spain and south africa. no time was wasted pointing fingers. the government took charge. it is a far cry from the much criticized u.s. response to disasters where politics frequently trumps action. >> the unions are concerned because they want to show whether there were problems in mine safety, the mine owners are concerned because they want to be able to show they were doing everything. the regulators, the oversight committee, everybody is jockeying for position. what we need to be more accustomed to, when the crisis occurs, focus on solely doing the rescue. >> there is an interesting contradiction here, diane. this accident was caused in part by the failure of chilean government safety inspectors, but the response turned what
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could have been a tragedy into an inspiration. >> all right, jeffrey. you've been up so many hours and so many days. take care of yourself. at the head of that government is chile's president who insisted early on every effort be made, even people doubted they were alive. he said i believe they are. i talked with president pinera today. >> we saw miner after miner come after to you, grab your hands, hug you. what were they saying to you? >> first of all, they were so grateful of life, so full of hope and trust. and they -- first of all, they hugged their wives, their daughters, their parents and they were really full of life. a day full of emotion, not only in chile, but all over the world. the miners gave us a lesson of unity, of faith, of hope.
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it has been a day that we will never, never forget. >> we heard from so many people that even when they didn't believe they could be alive, you still did believe. why? >> i had an inner voice that told me at all times they are alive. we have a commitment with them. we have to search them and look for them and we will find them. >> so many people are commendsing you and chile for the way this was handled. what's the biggest lesson for crisis management? >> many lessons. first of all, you have to start working with all your energy and all your resources from the very first moment. you cannot waste a second. in our case, we didn't waste a second. from the very first moment, we decided to take full responsibility for the rescue effort. second lesson, never lose your faith and hope. never give up.
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>> will you sleep a lot tonight? >> even if i cannot sleep tonight, it will be a very wonderful night. i will remember it forever. >> thank you. >> thank you very much. >> president pinera. we have a lot more on the miners coming up. mom and chief michelle obama, can she save her husband's party? also, a lot more on the miners as we said, but also the foreclosure fiesta going national. will mortgage companies have to stop the foreclosures because of breaking the law?
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miners, as we said, but also, moving on to other headlines tonight. the democrats call in person, her, the reluctant warrior, the closer, the secret weapon. but michelle obama prefers a different title, and sharyn alfonsi spent the day on the campaign trail with the first lady. >> reporter: in milwaukee today, no mud slinging. instead, a focus on her role as the self-described mom in chief. >> my children are at the center of my world. >> reporter: the first lady counseling patience to voters who wanted change. >> many of us came into this expecting to see all the change we talked about happen all at once. right away. but the truth is, it is going to take a longer time to dig
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ourselves out of this hole than any of us would like. >> reporter: the white house is now dispatching michelle obama to help candidates in eight key states over the next three weeks. >> i've heard people say, the one i want to meet is michelle obama. >> reporter: today, she was in wisconsin with senator russ feingold. do you think she's a greater asset than the president? >> no, the president is number one. but she's a close second. >> reporter: but the numbers tell a different story. the first lady's favorability rating -- 68%. and in a more recent poll, her husband's -- 50%. why do you like her? >> because she is so -- she seems so down to earth. >> reporter: even so, linda fisher told us, that's not likely to influence her vote. >> something needs to be changed. we need new blood. >> reporter: democrats hope the first lady's star power can help rally the base and bring a cash infusion to struggling candidates. tickets for fund-raisers with the first lady range from $250 to more than $30,000 for
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preferred seating and a picture. meaning it costs more to mingle with her than the president. sharyn alfonsi, abc news, milwaukee. coming up, is it possible there will be a halt in foreclosures in all 50 states? a battle cry, and what it means for you and your neighbors. at ge capital, loaning money is the start of the relationship, not the end. i work with polaris every day. at ge capital, we succeed only when they do. whoo! awesome! yes! we've got to get you out of the office more often. ♪ my turn to drive. ♪ toi switched to a complete0, multivitamin with more. my turn to drive. only one a day women's 50+ advantage has gingko for memory and concentration plus support for bone and breast health. a great addition to my routine. [ female announcer ] one a day women's.
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paperwork by the banks. well, today, all 50 states launched investigations. david muir has been on the phone with the man ahead of it. tell us what he said. >> reporter: yeah, the attorney general of iowa, tom miller, talking about this. and they're most concerned about these robo-signers, the bank workers who signed off on the paperwork without ever even looking at the paperwork, sending the homes and families into foreclosure without necessarily the case file right there in front of them. >> two questions. is it back to square one on the foreclosures that have taken place? and what about the future? would there be a halt? >> reporter: there's been a lot of talk about that. the a.g. doesn't think there's the political appetite for that right now. what he does hope for, with 50 states joining this case, that there will be pressure on the banks to modify the mortgages, to actually bring the mortgage payment down a bit. he argues it's still more than you get on a house that's sitting empty on a foreclosure after paperwork was never read.
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>> again, 50 states now all weighing in. david, thanks. i know you'll be back on this. and we want to bring you up to date on a story that dr. richard besser broke on our air about the popular drugs like fosamax and boniva for osteoporosis and increased risk of fractures in the thigh bone. well, today, the fda agreed, warning patients taking those drugs are possibly at greaser risk for these rare but serious femur fractures. drug companies will now be required to add a warning label. and coming up, one world, one moment, watching something joyful together. it doesn't take much;
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you know it's bad when the press asks if you'd take a lie detector test. meg whitman didn't tell the truth about not voting or about how long she lived in california. she got caught in insider deals at goldman sachs. she changed her story about physically abusing an employee. she campaigned as tough as nails on immigration knowing her housekeeper of 9 years was undocumented. her tv ads have been condemned as false and misleading. and even her hometown newspaper said meg whitman has demonstrated "a loose relationship with the truth" >> wel >> welcome back, everyone. they have done it! the rescue of the miners is complete.
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you are looking at the 33rd miner emerging from the earth! his name, of course is luis urzua. he's the foreman. he's the man they credit holding them through panic and fear. bill weir. i know you're there. tell us what this moment has been. >> reporter: it's unbelievable. you can hear the honking horns. camp hope has dissipated. there is nothing left here for the party to truly begin. the president of chile has hugged so many men. might as well hug the last one. this man, more than ever, more than anyone else deserves credit for this moment, for keeping these men alive. he is the man who took charge immediately after the cave-in. he's the man who rationed a couple of days' worth of tuna fish until the bore hole could
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find him. he kept their morale high for the last eight weeks as they sat down in that stifling darkness. he was their chief. if you talk to anybody at nasa, it is that order, it is that morale that is vital to sanity and survival. just look at the joy. >> it is a wonderful thing to see and what a day and a half it has been. we should remind everybody, there are still rescue teams down below, but they will be coming up in short order now. we want everyone out there to know that you and i will be back at 10:00 for a special "20/20" prime time hour and we have entirely new reporting to bring you about what happened below early conclusions on the cause of the san bruno
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pipeline explosion. may have been triggered by a power outage. >> california joins an investigation into what has become a nationwide foreclosure scandal. looking at what it could mean for local real estate. a crack down on gangs tonight. a court order that could ban gang activity throughout an east bay neighborhood. >> what every police officer should know about consulting an animal before resorting to deadly force. >> good evening, everyone. we begin in chile tonight. the final 33 miner has just been rescued. after 70 days, below. >> what a remarkable moment this was. 33 miners trapped since august 5. the last one came up just minutes ago at the rescue operation that proceeded for last 24 hours or so it


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